As Steve enacts his grand vision, he is forced to confront some of his nearest and dearest. Will Namor, the Sub-Mariner prove to be a staunch ally — or a deadly enemy? And what about the one person Steve cares about the most? Sharon Carter has a fateful decision to make… Meanwhile, a crucial mission draws Sam Wilson out from the shadows — and into the skies once more! Back in the fight, Sam battles to restore sense to a world in chaos! But Hydra has no need for two Caps, and Sam must face his ultimate foe! Dive into a steampunk fantasy story revealing the origin of the inventor known as Dreamfinder, and learn how one little spark of inspiration created a purple dragon called Figment!
Our daring duo explores the realms of imagination, finding friends and foes alike — while back on Earth, a clockwork army assembles under the command of the frightening force known only as the Singular! And when Clockwork Control invades London while the intrepid explorers are trapped within the Nightmare Nation, the only obstacles standing between the Singular and total domination are Dreamfinder, Figment and their newfound friends! Tombstone, Mr. Fish, Piranha, Cottonmouth, Black Cat and a mysterious new player are all vying for a piece of the pie — and New York is caught in the crossfire!
Power Man and Iron Fist fight to take back the streets, but Luke has other problems, too — big ones. Jessica Jones has left him, and taken their daughter with her. Meanwhile, double, double, toil and trouble are brewing… Luke and Danny are handy in a fight, but how do you punch magic?
As internal conflicts reach a boiling point, outsiders throw more fuel on the fire — and one member with deep roots on Earth will struggle to hold on to their galactic connections! Would Venom endanger his new allies to save his idol, Spider-Man? Find out why Spidey is one of the reasons Rocket hates Earth! Can there be any future for the Iron Fist? Danny must push himself to the breaking point, finding rivals against whom he can prove his worth. But a bigger battle than he can handle may have just found him: On a mysterious island stand seven deadly kung fu masters.
Can Danny run a gauntlet through all of them and regain his place in the world? As the game of death begins, the Iron Fist is in for the fights of his life — against the Serpent, the Wolf and more! The Kingpin has done bad things. Deplorable things. Unforgivable things. He has cheated the law. He has blackmailed rivals. He has killed. But before he can take a fresh bite out of the Big Apple, he needs to transform his public image. His road may be paved with honorable intentions, but nobody in his circle will remain pure on his climb back to the top!volunteerparks.org/wp-content/tujapidov/1494.php
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Reacquaint yourself with the Kingpin in all his brutal glory: the man, the murderer…the Good Samaritan?! Enter: Arcade! A string of clues — including high-tech weaponry, kidnappings and assassins — will lead Elektra to a game of chance more deadly than she ever expected. If you know Elektra, you know to always bet on red! Marc Spector was born in Chicago — but where was his alter ego Steven Grant born? Trapped outside of reality, his survival depends on answers — but Spector is plagued by nothing but questions!
Bite the Bullet (The Intrepid Saga of Declan Savage, #1)
Is Moon Knight stronger alone, or more vulnerable? Where has he really been all this time? Where was a man like Marc Spector forged? And where will he face his final battle? As the answers are revealed, an epic throwdown between Marc Spector and Khonshu is inevitable! Can Moon Knight survive? And what will be left of him if he does? One that lies in the inky blackness of deepest, darkest outer space! Plus: In a secret story known only to compulsive Deadpool variant-cover collectors, Odin ejects the regenerating degenerate from reality — and into the cover-verse!
Can a team-up with UPC-PO, the living embodiment of the UPC code, help Wade return to the world he left behind — or will it just be an excuse for parodies and shenanigans? With their aid, the super-powered sensation will delve deeper into his incredible abilities and unlock hidden truths about himself. Is Mosaic only out for himself, or does he have the makings of a hero?
Plus: Mosaic has a close encounter with the Agents of S. Catch up on the incredible events of Thor: The Dark World and learn where major players including Odin, Loki and Thor himself stand ahead of the next blockbuster chapter in Asgardian lore! Plus: Classic comic-book tales featuring the two mightiest Avengers of all! Thor enters the underworld to face Hela, and the Hulk does savage battle on an alien world! Thor and his allies visit ancient Egypt — and leave behind a startling legacy! Hela, goddess of the underworld, unleashes her demon hordes on Earth!
Israel is determined to deny Iran a foothold in Syria, but is limited in its options to prevent this happening. The possibility of military action by Israel in areas supposedly under the control of Syria on the Golan remains a serious threat. This phenomenon is not a recent one. In the play, four youths - two Protestant and two Catholic - set off on a sponsored charity walk from Northern Ireland to Dublin. When the boys reach the Republic they encounter antagonism in the person of Vonnie, a landowner on whose land they attempt to camp. No packs of savages blowing the brains out of each other".
Ultimately Vonnie regrets calling him, telling him "we still have ones over you in this country". The trappings of an autocratic state apparatus are obvious from the start of the play; Creon and Haemon implement their rule by whatever means necessary. One step down the power structure, Chorus is obsequious towards Creon and Haemon but displays violent and sexist behaviour towards the female characters. The end of act one is signalled by an increasingly audible reading of the Criminal Justice Bill, here again the focus of protest.
A sense of great unease about potential and actual abuse of power by the state and her arms is evident in these plays and others of the period The audience are deliberately targeted throughout the performance: they witness a cover-up as a critic of the state is murdered and Antigone warns them that they are next.
She is attacked by Chorus and the ensuing struggle is staged as if Antigone is choking for real. The play ends with the cast turning on the audience, telling them to disperse quietly, calling them voyeurs and peeping toms, and finally Creon orders them to go home as they can do nothing. Mathews stages the nightmare scenario of life in a totalitarian police state as lurid reality. The mood is satirical, the onstage world a parody of a state gone rogue. A sense of great unease about potential and actual abuse of power by the state and her arms is evident in these plays and others of the period.
Theatre can react with immediacy to societal issues and concerns, but the themes staged in these plays were controversial at the time. The legacy of this lack of accountability brought to bear on the forces of the state lingers on. The playwrights, it is clear, were right to be concerned. Heavily influenced by the Bible and other key early Christian texts, he composed a lively tale, the "Life of St Patrick", which presents Patrick as a conquering Christian hero.
Elements of history that did not fit with this image were conveniently swept aside. With God on his side, Patrick disposes of the first magician quickly and brutally, Lochru being miraculously hoisted into the air and dropped, smashing his skull against a stone. In this context, he is probably referring to the western coast of Ireland, which may not have been touched by the Palladian mission.
For example, his depiction of Patrick as an Old Testament hero in the mould of Moses and of Tara as Babylon emphasise the influence of the Bible as a direct inspiration. Patrick is rightly famous in Ireland, but arguably for the wrong reasons. While he was not the first to bring Christianity to Ireland, he did compose the earliest complete written sources that survive.
Despite his fame, the exact location of the body of Patrick has been a bone of contention for over a millennium. He exhumed their bodies and translated the relics into a new tomb at Downpatrick. By this time, prominent Irish churches such as Armagh, which claimed to have been founded by Patrick in the fifth century, and Kildare, were vying for position as the leading Irish church.
Armagh focused on establishing Patrick as the greatest saint in Ireland and the apostle of the Irish. However, Armagh did not possess the actual body of Patrick. He explains that an angel appeared to Patrick before his death and instructed that two untamed oxen should be sent off carrying his dead body. The angel further stipulated that a cubit of earth should be placed over the body to prevent its exhumation. Demand for relics was so strong that trade in relics as commodities became big business. For it was rugby union which historically identified itself as the most patriotic of British team games, both within its homeland and across the empire.
Players were encouraged to volunteer and responded enthusiastically, often joining up with club-mates. Photo: A. Significantly, the hostilities did not put a complete stop to rugby matches, as the War Office encouraged representative games between military selections, which were designed to keep up morale both at home and within the forces.
Programme for the match between the Mother Country and New Zealand service teams in Photo: Public domain These British representatives would take on selections from the southern hemisphere dominions of Australia, New Zealand and South Africa, together with Canada, which was included with a view to popularising the game there. The competition was organised on a league basis at venues spread across England, as well as in Edinburgh and Swansea. Among the more striking aspects of this deciding match was the relative proportion of officers to other ranks in the two teams that took the field that day.
While the victorious New Zealand side included one officer and 14 others, the "Mother Country" selection was made up of 14 officers and one other. Moreover, French rugby had suffered similarly heavy losses during the conflict, with 24 internationals killed.
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Predictably, the men in black again prevailed , also going on to win a return match in Paris, although by a much-reduced margin of It is well known that the delays with this permission led Apple to drop this project. The time limits for doing so are relatively tight, but many individuals and non-governmental organisations get involved. These procedural requirements are often criticised as leading to delay, and this has particularly been the case in the fall-out from the Apple data centre debacle. This was for the first phase of the development, including one data hall and preparatory works for an electricity substation.
The full development was to include eight data halls, the electricity substation, and various ancillary and support buildings and take 15 years to build. One of the main arguments advanced against the project was that the EIA should consider the long-term plan for the site, rather than the limited initial phase; this was rejected by the High Court. There is still a valid planning permission for the site, and it is possible that some other developer will build a data centre before it expires. The Irish planning process can be slow, particularly when legal challenges are taken.
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The public may, therefore, be further excluded from the planning process. But if the process is slow, short-term reactive fixes are not a good solution. Irish planning law is full of them, and they make the system difficult to understand and hard for the public to engage with. A planning system that encourages and welcomes public engagement, and provides scope for discussions about the difficult choices that every society will have to make as we have to reconcile environmental protection and economic development, would be a valuable support for this.
Unfortunately, our political systems encourage short-term, local thinking and our elected representatives have shied away from tackling these questions. Individuals need to fall back on the courts when politics lets them down. It's estimated that at any one time up to 30 million people across the European Union may be suffering from one of the more than 6, rare diseases or disorders, which have been identified to date.
Some of these diseases may affect only a small number of people with others affecting thousands. What is a rare disease? Fortunately, developments in treatment methods have led to the availability of medications that may help people cope with the symptoms of these diseases. However, due to the underlying complexities and, in some situations, genetic mutations, none of these diseases listed have a cure.
The the first challenge many may face is being correctly diagnosed. Due to a lack of scientific knowledge and information, diagnosis can be delayed - and in some cases, patients can even be misdiagnosed. As the disease progresses, daily tasks may become more and more difficult to complete without assistance.
Due to the variation in how sufferers will respond to treatments of their symptoms, and the fact that the same disease may progress at a different rate from person to person, uncertainty surrounds the future of all those involved. This is then compounded by inequalities and difficulties in accessing treatment and care depending on which jurisdiction in Europe you reside. These factors can create huge financial burdens for rare disease families, both in the present and into the future.
What is happening to combat rare diseases? In , then Minister for Health, Dr. Despite the positive gains which have been made across Europe, Brexit will undoubtedly lead to major issues. Connecting experts, researchers and clinicians across borders and pooling the resources at their disposal can create the most conducive environment for advanced research. The existence of these collaborative networks across the EU has allowed for the creation of large patient databases and the running of multinational clinical trials.
To increase this number, it is crucial that the pharmaceutical industry plays a more active role in the development process. Increasing awareness about rare diseases Since its inception in , the movement has grown from 12 participating countries to over 90 countries and regions around the world. The growth of world rare disease day has highlighted the difficulties sufferers face in everyday life. As awareness has continued to rise, policy changes have also been brought forward at both European and national levels.
These changes have created an environment where advanced research can take place. As this research increases and awareness grows, it allows for developments which may make the future lives of people suffering from these diseases a little brighter. The principal aim of RiskAquaSoil is to alert people to the fact that climatological disasters can and will happen during a lifetime.
The project is inviting local communities to participate, adopt and apply the current solutions provided to address these issues. The project partners will combat the adverse effects of the impact of climate change, especially on agricultural lands. These techniques will provide accurate data that will result in a better early detection system in rural areas. Diagnosis activity will be enlarged with climate change scenarios such as frequency of heatwaves, droughts and flash floods, including forecasts and the improvement of climate information services to farmers. The research finding also showed that the majority of farmers are willing to adapt compulsory measures to better adapt their farm to climate change 2 implementation and adaptation: developing several pilot actions in agricultural lands that will permit better soil and water management taking into account the risks associated with climate change, such as flood risk maps and soil erosion risk solutions.
It will also include pilot actions in maritime areas such as soil erosion management, small storm catchment and farm management practices. Previous research revealed that farmers did not proactively seek out information on climate change unless it was a regulatory requirement, a customer request or was going to have a potential economic benefit to the business.
The research finding also showed that the majority of farmers are willing to adapt compulsory measures to better adapt their farm to climate change. The proximity to the ocean is noticeable with an average minimum temperature of 5. The precipitation shown no tendency, with zones in Portugal with a The average thermal daily amplitude varies in summer from 5. The first is a water quality acid remediation trial reducing the high pH spikes, the second is a water quantity natural flood management trial buffering flows and the third is trailing a new low cost telemetric monitoring probe to assess water quality and quantity.
Watercourses monitoring after wildfires After the wildfires that affected Portugal in , a watercourses monitoring campaign was initiated in 10 sampling points chosen based on the size and percentage of burnt area of the watershed. These monthly campaigns will detect changes in water and sediment proprieties in a post-fire scenario and establish the persistence of these effects. This being Branagh and Shakespeare, the film stars some of the biggest heavyweights in modern Shakespearean theatre.
Branagh is perhaps one of the most renowned Shakespeareans of the modern age, if not the most renowned. Shakespeare is perhaps the most famous writer in the Western canon, but he is also a ubiquitous symbol of Englishness, and of English cultural hegemony and imperialism. Branagh has long been associated and subsumed within the apparatus of English Shakespeares. It was, he says now, "a dreadfully uneasy compromise about which I suffered inordinate guilt". So too are his comments about his time studying at RADA. Of course, this speaks to the assumption that Shakespeare can only be spoken in Received Pronunciation, particularly within the apparatus of British Shakespearean theatrical institutions.
Kenneth Branagh as William Shakespeare in All Is True: "one of the most well-known and established modern Shakespeareans just so happens to be an Irishman" What does it mean to speak Shakespeare with an Irish accent — whether from Belfast, Dublin, Galway, or elsewhere? And — this is a larger question — how does one signify Irishness, or should one feel as if they must signify it?
After all, Irishness is not a uniform entity or experience across this island. But in the case of speaking Shakespeare, anything less than an English accent also leads to commentary. Nonetheless, the fact remains that one of the most well-known and established modern Shakespeareans just so happens to be an Irishman - but an Irishman entrenched and enmeshed in the English theatrical tradition. Wound healing is a very complex process that is influenced by the health of the individual, the medications they take, the cause of the wound, the local blood supply and hundreds of cell types, clotting factors, cell signaling systems and much more.
It is like an orchestra that requires the perfect balance of instruments and people each playing the same piece of music at the same time and in the same place. It is not hard therefore to image how easily it can go wrong — imagine Handel's Messiah without the choir! But wounds do heal and only those that have gone deeper than the layers of the skin will leave a scar. The history of wound healing is like a history of science and research and is full of big blunders, great breakthroughs and improved patient outcomes.
This theory lasted for hundreds of years and caused immeasurable suffering and tales of ingenuity to thousands of patients. They believed that the production of pus was necessary to heal the wound and applied many potions and boiling oils to wounds to promote the formation of pus. Pare conducted an early clinical trial, albeit unintentionally, when he found soldiers' wounds treated with salves were less irritated and pain-free compared to wounds treated with boiling oils, which were painful and swollen.
This was followed by the development of disinfectants in the prevention of infection, particularly relevant to surgical wounds. The use of disinfectants and antiseptics was now becoming more widespread. French solders tending to an injured colleague in Chronic wounds, such as leg ulcers we now know, are most prevalent in the over 65 age group. But up to , the average life expectancy of Irish females was only 61 years so many people did not live long enough to get this type of wound.
He demonstrated that the rate of new skin formation of wounds in a moist environment was faster than wounds exposed to air. In conventional medicine, these improvements and advancements in knowledge, coupled with a transition to evidence-based clinical practice lead to the discontinuation of many empirical therapies. Kilkenny hurler Tommy Walsh gets stapled up What causes a leg ulcer? Think about the circulation as a plumbing system. Blood is pumped by the heart around the body through a series of arteries, the further away from the heart they go the smaller they get so that the tiniest of vessels are called capillaries and are only the width of a strand of hair.
This arterial blood, rich in nutrients and oxygen, feeds the cells of the body. Once this is used up by the cells, the blood is returned to the heart through the veins. This blood is depleted of oxygen and nutrients and is sometimes referred to as blue blood. To get back to the heart the veins have a series of valves in the centre to help prevent back flow of blood and these veins are usually positioned in the middle of muscle groups which help to pump the blood back to the heart to start the cycle again. The management of wounds up to the mid to late 19th century was primarily concentrated on acute wounds encountered through hunting, battles, poor working conditions and surgery These valves are very important and people who sustain a blood clot in their leg or get inflammation of the veins phlebitis can damage the valves.
All of this is important when trying to understand the causes of various leg ulcers. Venous leg ulcers are a debilitating chronic condition, occurring in the presence of venous hypertension. They effect one to two percent of the population globally, with women predominating in a ratio of It is widely believed that only older people get venous ulcers but almost half of all ulcers start before the age of 65 years.
Historically, venous ulcers accounted for the majority 70 percent of all leg ulcers. The number of people with a leg ulcer is expected to increase in line with an increase in the ageing population, worsening lifestyle choices, increased chronic illness and issues with accessing healthcare. A ship's nurse attending to a stowaway in Healing is often delayed, with ulcers persisting over 12 months in many cases and 50 percent will reoccur within three months of healing.
They are usually shallow, painful ulcers around the ankle area, usually on the inside of the ankle. They can produce high levels of exudate fluid and are caused by damage to the venous vein system. Thankfully treatment is now well advanced beyond the boiling oils of Galen to advanced wound care dressings and bandages. Treatment begins with a full assessment, usually be a nurse in a leg ulcer clinic and then the use of compression bandages and stockings.
If assessed and treated early the majority will heal within 12 weeks. The main difficulty is that support stockings must be worn once the ulcer has healed in order to prevent it from recurring. The reason being that the damage to the venous system has not changed and the person is always at risk.
There are surgical options available which can help prevent recurrence and this should be discussed with the GP. The Vattienti of Verbicaro in Italy whose Easter ritual involves cork boards and glass. Photo: Getty Arterial ulcers are more challenging as they are caused by damage or disease of the arterial system.
They are more painful, usually small but deep and look more "punched out" in appearance. They occur around the foot. Because disease of the arterial system not only happens in the foot, the person with arterial ulcers will have other cardiovascular disease problems. The limb often looks shiny and hairless and the toe nails are dry and brittle. The solution to these lies in addressing the cardiovascular problem and may in cases require surgery to improve the blood flow. Bandages are not used but simple dressings can help manage any leakage and ease the pain.
Some new dressings and local treatments are quite effective to ease the pain. Diabetic foot ulcers occur in people with diabetes. The global prevalence of diabetes mellitus was an estimated million people for ages 18 to 99 years in and is expected to increase to million representing 9. Currently, in Ireland an estimated 4. As this is projected to increase, diabetes-associated complications will also increase, including foot ulcers.
Over a lifetime, approximately 15 to 34 percent of people with diabetes mellitus will develop a foot ulcer. Irish data have shown that the lifetime risk of an individual with diabetes mellitus undergoing an amputation was It is said that a limb is lost to diabetes every 30 seconds somewhere in the world. There is significant mortality associated with foot ulcers, with up to 50 percent of patients not surviving 5 years' post amputation.
How to treat leg ulcers A comprehensive assessment will ensure an accurate diagnosis and this will guide the treatment plan. There are over dressings on the market but they are aimed at different stages in the healing process and to manage different wound characteristics, for example to clean the wound or to manage exudate.
The Cochrane Collaboration www. Water pours from a tap so steadily that it looks like a solid twisted icicle. Is it a camera trick or an outright digital fake? Could the water be rapidly freezing and thawing? Or it it a liquid with more exotic properties? If it is actually what it seems, this weird behaviour goes to the heart of fluid dynamics, an old branch of physics that that still holds mysteries and keeps engineers busy designing everything from heart valves to wind turbines. Is this video genuine? To flip the question - why not? Two effects dominate our intuition about water.
One is turbulence. If the speed of a flowing fluid liquid or gas increases, it transitions at some point from predictable laminar flow to chaotic swirls and vortices. The chaos is turbulent flow. Turbulence is almost universal in our daily lives.
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The easiest way to find laminar flow is to look at more viscous liquids, for example by mixing colour into thick paint or icing. There is some truth in this, but the reality is more subtle. The other effect in play is surface tension, which enables insects to walk on ponds, and pulls liquid drops into a round shape. In some ways, a water surface is like a very weak balloon skin.
Because of surface tension, a cylinder of water in air falling from a tap, for example is inherently unstable. The slightest irregularity in its surface will be amplified by surface tension, and will grow until the stream breaks into drops. He argued that the water flow might be unsteady but oscillating in a regular way. That would be a very pleasing explanation, if true, but I was still hoping the phenomenon was real. In the end, Andrew and Nobuhiko set about recreating the effect in their kitchen sinks. This is scientific method and the internet at their joyous best: people coming together to debate ideas, keeping sceptical but open minds, and testing those ideas with experiments, all for no reason but curiosity.
Theory is all very well, but nothing beats an experiment. There are some tips under the video on YouTube. Why does it work? These pure conditions are very unusual in our everyday dealings with water - and that alone is why it looks so very strange. There are more serious uses too: the paper industry uses stable sheet-like laminar flows to jet a solution of fibres onto a bed. Its impact was immediate. The west, their actions implied, should do everything in its power to help communities in need. Other, more established NGOs also benefited from the public attention and, above all, massive spike in public donations that the crisis precipitated.
The aid community was heavily criticised for its intervention in the region. Some claimed that NGOs had allowed themselves to be manipulated by the Biafran regime, and that the rebels used the cover of famine to generate sympathy for their cause. The Biafran crisis came at the end of a decade when the Christian churches had expended much energy adapting to the social, political and cultural realities of decolonisation Others remarked on the problematic language used to foster public engagement with the campaign.
Photographs and footage of emaciated men, women and children, their bodies ravaged by kwashiorkor and marasmus, created an enduring picture of Nigeria and, by extension, Africa in the minds of those watching in the west. That image was not positive. Those criticisms in turn raised questions about how individuals in the west should enact their responsibilities towards the third world.
The Biafran crisis came at the end of a decade when the Christian churches had expended much energy adapting to the social, political and cultural realities of decolonisation.
In Biafra, these links came in particularly useful, since missionary networks and mission centres became integral to the distribution of emergency relief. It focused on themes that are familiar to us in the 21st century: economics, inequality and social justice. Third world commentators, diplomats and statesmen condemned the concentration of wealth among certain states and players in the global economy. The Christian churches adopted an equally forthright tone.
Their ideas were very different from the altruistic spirit that defined the relief effort in Biafra. What good was charity, they asked? Was it even compatible with the pursuit of an equitable world order? They challenge us to think about how we understand our relationship to those we wish to help. Put simply, where the pursuit of justice and liberation implies some form of solidarity with the poor or, at the very least, with their goals , the provision of aid and emergency relief is essentially a one-way relationship. We give in the expectation only that those on the receiving end will be grateful for our generosity.
The world needs the first responders like those who saved many lives in Biafra. Yet without recourse to economic justice and a re-ordering of the structures that perpetuate global inequality, where will that leave us? Unless we are prepared to tolerate a world in which the poor are constantly in "crisis", it is imperative that we do more to tackle the injustices that have left them in that position to begin with. So we were concerned.
But where does language like this lead? Certainly not to international co-operation or peace. The truth of the matter is that Russia has not been the aggressor in world events over the last 30 years. In recent years, this foreign policy has expanded to crippling economic sanctions on Russia and its trading partners, unjustified expulsion of Russian diplomats and seizure of Russian-owned diplomatic buildings and land, and a ridiculous slew of accusations of supposed Russian perfidy.
It accused Russia of invading the Crimea and continues to promote this simplistic, erroneous version of the historical reality of legal Russian military bases in the Crimea, a region populated by many generations of ethnic Russians who voted for annexation to Russia. French and German investigations have been unable to confirm these accusations. The demonising is increasingly echoed by the media to further this agenda. Academic Stephen F. Author: Dr Aoife Blowick Analysis: geoscientists use unique fingerprints held within individual grains to piece together the history of sands in rivers, beaches and deserts Some people like squeezing it between their toes, others use it as art material.
Sand is composed of thousands of individual grains formed when bigger rocks are broken down by water, air or ice over time. Each sand is unique, comprised of grains of various composition, size and rounding, giving the stunning range of beaches across the world from the famous black sands of Hawaii, composed of volcanic glass, to the pristine white paradise beaches of the Maldives, almost exclusively made up of quartz grains. Besides these visible characteristics however, sand grains hold the key to a completely invisible, secret world.
A world that sedimentary provenance analysis unlocks. Sedimentary provenance is forensic geoscience which seeks to find where sand is sourced from and how it is transferred from its source to its current resting place. In this way, we can piece together the history of sands in rivers, beaches and deserts.
Not all sand grains have useful fingerprints and because each sand grain is different, the type of fingerprint geoscientists can use is also different. Some grains, such as zircon and rutile, have isotopes which can be dated to give an age of formation or a time at which their geological clock was reset, usually indicating a period of mountain building or continent-continent collision.
Other grains, such as feldspar, tourmaline and garnet, can have different amounts of various elements, providing a unique geochemical make-up which can be linked to a particular source. Modification of the source fingerprint is also a problem. Thousands of tons of sand can be transported in a matter of hours during floods and grains of sand can survive for millions of years, constantly being moved, buried, cemented, and recycled or even sometimes reset, so the fingerprint of its original source often becomes overprinted.
Grains in the Mississippi delta have been tracked over 3,km upstream as far north as southern Canada, while grains in the Nile delta have travelled close to 7,km. As a result, grains from one source are often mixed over and over with grains from other sources. Sand through time So can you really see the world in a grain of sand? Take a handful of sand from any beach or river and you can get an idea of where that sand came from.
Grain characteristics such as grain shape can help to determine how the sand came to be there — windblown sands are typically well-rounded, clean grains with a frosted texture formed by the grains hitting against each other, while river sands are typically more angular, often accompanied by mud. However, sand is constantly on the move. Whether tumbling along in a river, dragged under a crawling glacier or blown above us in the air, sand is continuously being generated, transported and reworked.
By using the unique fingerprints held within individual sand grains, geoscientists can get a clearer picture of how sands come and go through time. Within individual river systems, the pathways of sands can be tracked in high resolution e. So why should we care about sand? We all love a golden white paradise beach, but few of us know how much we use sand on a daily basis. After water and air, sand is the most widely used resource on earth. Sand is used to make the screen you read this through, the glass you drink from, the buildings you sit in, the roads you drive on.
Sands hold precious oil and gas reserves, drive production of electronics, and protect against coastal erosion. Her younger sister is missing, suspected to be hiding from cops and criminals alike at a highly secretive BDSM retreat-a place where the elite escape to play out their most extreme sexual fantasies. To find her, Brynn must go undercover as a sexual submissive. I want her.
This is an arrangement about pleasure and finding out who we are behind closed doors. This small town girl has left her roots — and her painful past — a million miles away. The Renegade they call Nova. Sinfully gorgeous, broody, tatted-up, professional snowboarder. Four-time X Games medalist— Full-time heartbreaker. They can call me his curse all they want. Five years ago they fell in love after one whirlwind summer.
It was just supposed to be a regular Thursday afternoon…and then he saw her. Sadly ever after. Elinor Burkenstock never believed in fairy tales. But Elinor knows the difference between fiction and truth. Daydreams and reality. True love and false promises. With wedding bells ringing and a killer stalking from the shadows, a former British spy makes up for lost time with the one that got away in this thrilling Regency romance from the author of Spy Fall and License to Wed.
Emilia St. George is moments away from marrying the admired grandson of a duke when the man who once jilted her decides to kidnap her at the altar. Tristan Pierce left the family business to carve out a life of his own, but never forgot his passionate affair with the much younger, inexperienced Sydney Green, or the hurtful break-up that tore him apart.
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Meet the Brannigan brothers—seven sexy brothers who bring the heart and the heat! When Carson sees Gemma at a charity event, he knows he has to have her. Right in all the wrong places. When Niall Lindsey, the Earl of Margrave, is forced to flee after killing a man in a duel, he expects his secret love, Brilliana Trevor, to go with him, or at the very least wait for him.
To his shock, she does neither and sends him off with no promise for the future. Seven years and one pardon later, Niall returns to England disillusioned and cynical. They are physically strong and mentally tough, disciplined and courageous. Maybe he likes playing the hero. Welcome to The Buoys, a West Coast haven where love comes in with the tide. Perfect for readers of Jill Shalvis and Susan Mallery, the Fishing for Trouble series features three unforgettable brothers—each of whom is a great catch.
The one woman he will never forget… Malcolm Bevingstoke, Duke of Haven, has lived the last three years in self-imposed solitude, paying the price for a mistake he can never reverse and a love he lost forever. There is only one problem—he already has one. He lost her once. Despite an illustrious career as a top hostage negotiator, Joe Matarazzo is haunted by the past.
It was a year ago that three innocent lives were lost under his watch. Until the night he apprehends a rogue footman in their midst and discovers the spy is Lady Mairi MacNair—the woman who long ago broke his heart. The only thing standing in her way is Deacon Fox—the man she loved and walked away from years ago. When Lauren reappears in the Bruisers office during the playoffs, Beacon sees his chance to make things right. Something tall, brooding and criminally good-looking; something like Liam Murphy. When Posey was sixteen, the bad boy of Bellsford, New Hampshire, broke her heart. His Life Changed in a Heartbeat Disinherited as a teen, Devon Ashby returns home twelve years later as a ruthless CEO, brilliant at negotiating deals, but emotionally stunted.
Compounding his troubles, he encounters his high school sweetheart, whose heart he smashed. Welcome to Angel Falls, a deep-south small town in the heart of L. A wicked attraction! He is everything she dislikes in a man, rakish, arrogant and charming, and she would prefer to forget the night of wicked passion that she spent in his arms.
But when Mairi is threatened by a blackmailer, Jack is the only man who can protect her. The new novel from the bestselling author of Wind River Rancher An unexpected reunion. Kira Duval was part of a Special Forces team that got caught in an ambush—leaving only two wounded survivors: herself and Weapons Sergeant Garret Fleming.
Losing her team was traumatic, and in the chaotic aftermath, as the Army moved them from hospital to hospital, she lost Garret too. But she never lost her secret yearning for him. A crippling knee injury forced Elliot Mills to trade in his FBI badge for dusty chalkboards and bored college students. A young man has gone missing from campus—and as a favor to a family friend, Elliot agrees to do a little sniffing around. Thank goodness she escaped all that when she moved to Chicago five years ago.
A hot contemporary romance from the author of the acclaimed I-Team series… Lexi Jewell left Scarlet Springs twelve years ago, vowing never to return to the small Colorado mountain town where she grew up. Now, here she is—over thirty, out of a job and with little choice but to move back in with her eccentric father. How do you know if a first love is made to last?
With his sapphire eyes and killer smile, Jake could have had any girl in Lakeside, Georgia. But he wanted Addy, and for those brief, wonderful months—before circumstances drove them irrevocably apart—they belonged to each other. A strong-willed beauty finds herself in the arms of the handsome drifter from her past, in this second book in the sizzling series set in the Old West, from USA Today Bestselling Author Beverly Jenkins As manager of one of the finest hotels in Arizona Territory, Portia Carmichael has respect and stability—qualities sorely missing from her harsh childhood.
She refuses to jeopardize that by hitching herself to the wrong man. It took 32 seconds to end his career. But it only took 1 to change his life. Thirty-two seconds. One minute he was the best bronc rider in the Panhandle and the next he was nothing. He is noble, notorious, and takes no prisoners… Strong as a Viking.
Handsome as Adonis. Rich as Midas. But Cole is not one to dwell on misfortune. So trusting. Lose a bet, lose your heart… What is it about a junior-high crush that can send an otherwise intelligent woman into a tailspin? TV reporter Char Lynn wishes she knew. Jake Titus is too rich, too handsome, too arrogant: a trifecta that once lured Char into the best night-and worst morning-after-of her life.
Childhood friends. Tristan Rosier might have asked Malorie Monsard to marry him when he was five years old, but things had only gone downhill from there. Now she was back, to wreak who knew what havoc on his life. Lifelong enemies. Aiden loved her, left her, and broke her heart. Six years and a lifetime later, their eyes meet across a Paris salon.
You are a rogue, after all. It also brings him back to Sophie Kim, a beacon of light in his life. USA Today bestselling author Laura Lee Guhrke is back with the latest in her dazzling An American Heiress in London series, in which a reformed rogue finds all his honorable resolutions tested by the only woman who ever broke his heart… After spending his youth as one of the wildest rakes in the ton, Lord Denys Somerton has devoted the past six years to putting his past behind him.
She cannot forget the fire he ignited… In the three years since her husband left her, Lady Kathleen Carhart has managed to forge a fulfilling life for herself. But when Ned Carhart unexpectedly returns, she finds her tranquility uprooted—and her deepest secrets threatened. Sleigh bells, snow, and second chances. She left her hometown years ago to pursue a writing career. Five brave military heroes have survived the hell of a Taliban prison to return home—and take on civilian missions no one else can.
Under their pressure, Lucas gave her up. From the author of How Not to Fall comes an electrifying, powerful new story about love, trust, and emotional surrender. Once upon a time, med student Annie Coffey set out to have a purely physical fling with Charles Douglas, a gorgeous British doctor in her lab. The Carolina Cold Fury hockey team proves that love is a power play. Off the ice, elite defenseman Hawke Therrien enjoys his fair share of booze and good times. The catch? The fight for suffrage was long, hard, and carried out on many fronts. The public knows her as a glamorous and tempestuous diva, mistress to emperors, a reputation created by the newspapers and the ruthless man who exploited her.
Now she has come to London to make a fresh start and find her long lost English family. Their brief, ill-fated marriage sparked with thrilling sensuality but ended with a bitter betrayal. Merritt Broussard grew up knowing she had two choices if she stayed in Lagrange: run with the outlaws or get left in their dust. The spirit of the season is festive—and clouding even the sharpest of judgments—in this Victorian era romance, perfect for fans of Jude Deveraux and Sabrina Jeffries. At a house party in the countryside, the joyful spirit of the Christmas season threatens to sweep Georgiana Trent under the mistletoe—and back into the arms of the dashing rogue who broke her heart two years ago.
Haunted by the responsibility of caring for her troubled family, Maya Jacobs gave the only answer she could when Cameron asked her to marry him. As a young, penniless gentleman, Maxwell Harwick knew he had little to offer Juliet White—the most beautiful debutante of the season—except his love, and one thoroughly scandalous kiss. The new series is set in Vermont.
True North is populated by the tough, outdoorsy mountain men that populate the Green Mountain State. They raise cows and they grow apples. They chop a lot of wood, especially when they need to blow off steam. Beards are optional but encouraged. Exhibit A: her very first case is against bad-boy contractor David Carelli. If she has her way… Willa Davis is wrangling puppies when Keane Winters stalks into her pet shop with frustration in his chocolate-brown eyes and a pink bedazzled cat carrier in his hand.
He needs a kitty sitter, stat. At fifteen, she was abducted by highwaymen and sold to a brothel. Well, once, but that was a long time ago. Eloisa James breathes new life into one of the most popular fiction genres with her highly original debut novel Potent Pleasures, a charming, vividly peopled Regency romance.
Until the girl of his dreams is caught on the other side. Emma Ruiz knows her father is innocent. Marshal Landon McCabe. Three years later, her newfound freedom is ripped away, thanks to a massive hybrid storm that killed millions. Now, in the post-Chaos world of semi-darkness and near-total anarchy where gangs rule, she discovers the dangerous world of Defiance may be the one thing that can keep her safe. What they lost on the side of the road that day can never be replaced, and grief is always harshest under a spotlight… Now twenty-three, Zed teaches music and theatre at a private school in Washington, D.
Would you risk everything for love? Their desire ignited a passionate affair, and within weeks, Shane had slipped a ring on her finger. It seemed her every fantasy was coming true. Desperate and penniless, Miss Olivia Langley is out of options. Disaster strikes when, inside the first carriage they rob, they find the one man Olivia had hoped never to see again.
As teens, all they cared about was psyching each other out before concerts. Hadrian Bothwell was never an excellent fit with a religious calling, so when his titled brother asks him to take over running the family estate, Hadrian gives up vicaring and returns to Cumberland. What happens when the one that got away comes back? Find out in this sparkling debut from Mhairi McFarlane. Torvill and Dean? Sonny and Cher?
See a Problem?
Ben and Rachel. It was them against the world. Until it all fell apart. The first novel in a sexy new series featuring the hockey players of the Brooklyn Bruisers and the women who win their hearts—from the USA Today bestselling author of the Ivy Years series. USA Today bestseller Darcy Burke concludes her Archer family saga with a second chance at first love Everyone thought college sweethearts Bex Holmgren and Hayden Archer were headed for the altar until a tragic accident sent young Bex running from a future she wasn t ready to claim.
Yet his questionable birth rendered him forbidden. Forced to part, they were still young enough to believe in tomorrow. But as time passed, that brief ephemeral flirtation at Haddington Hall faded into memory. Playing for a night…or for keeps? Jewelry designer Tatiana Belikov may have matured enough to curb her impulsive nature, but wickedness is still her best accessory. When family troubles bring her to Las Vegas and face-to-face with the man who knows all her darkest desires, resisting temptation is futile.
A night of no-holds-barred sin? Once Wyatt Caine had nothing to offer Tatiana except his heart, but time has changed his fortunes. Subject: Jason Mauer, National Guard. Current status: Homeward bound. Obstacle: Lizzy Mann. Sexy blast from the past. The author of the smash hits Big Rock and Mister O takes readers into an angsty, sexy, dangerous love story in the No Regrets series!
Can a reclusive duke. Brilliant but rumored mad, Michael Layward, the impoverished Duke of Wyverne, has no success courting heiresses until widowed Lady Stratton takes up his cause—after first refusing his suit. Caroline Graves, the popular Countess of Statton, sits alone at the pinnacle of London society and has vowed never to remarry. A Certain Magic is the digital reissue of a previously published and long out-of-print novel by New York Times bestselling author Mary Balogh. Piers Westhaven and Alice Penhallow have always been close friends, even during their marriages to other partners.
Now they are both widowed, and Piers, who needs an heir, has asked his friend to help him choose a new bride. Avery Bardot steps off the plane in Rome, looking for a fresh start. When Andie Miller goes to see her ex-husband, North Archer, to return ten years of uncashed alimony checks, he asks for one final favor: A distant cousin has died and left him guardian of two orphans who have driven out three nannies already; will she take the job? Bribed with money and a need for closure, Andie says yes, packs her bags, and heads for Southern Ohio.
A pact is sealed in secret behind the foreboding walls of Newgate Prison. In return for a night of unparalleled pleasure, a dashing condemned criminal consents to wed a beautiful heiress, thereby rescuing her with his name from an impending and abhorred arranged union. After seven hundred years of searching, his true match would have ended the curse that keeps his spirit in chains. In the latest Novel of the Elder Races, two souls who have long buried their passions are about to be consumed… Ever since their scorching affair ended years ago, Julian, the Nightkind King, and Melisande, daughter of the Light Fae Queen, have tried to put the past behind them—and distance between them.
Did she once have a sister? Has her mother lied all these years? After a painful divorce, Maisey Lazarow returns to Fairham, the small island off the South Carolina coast where she grew up. But she refuses to stay in the family house. Known for his legendary control both on and off the field, his pristine public image makes him the ideal person to work with youth players in a preseason minicamp. She could accept that he was a spy, but a werewolf? No way. No matter how good they had been together, she has very personal reasons for steering clear of monsters.
That is, until he literally crashes into a royal gathering in all his furry glory—and with a gunman on his tail. A bodyguard, a bounty hunter, a private investigator, no one can handle the heat like the men of BOSS, Inc. Her three-year-old son has been kidnapped. No police, says the ransom demand. The tiny village of Hemshawe is the sort of place where nothing ever happens…until a handsome ex-soldier and his matchmaking sister let the imposing manor house at the edge of town. The friendly Londoners shake up the staid people of Hemshawe, and villagers see each other in a new and oh-so-appealing light.
Back in high school, she revved his heart more than street racing. Five years ago, Josie Fairmore left timber country in search of a bright future. Desperate for a job, she turns to the one man she wishes she could avoid. The man who rocked her world one wild night and then walked right out of it. Or do they? Jamie Canning has never been able to figure out how he lost his closest friend. Four years ago, his tattooed, wise-cracking, rule-breaking roommate cut him off without an explanation. So what if things got a little weird on the last night of hockey camp the summer they were eighteen?
It was just a little drunken foolishness. Nobody died. For Annie London, a month in a Central American rainforest means handing out mosquito nets, giving medical aid, and teaching children about the birds and the bees. Well, everything except her very public breakup with Chance Rivers, her sexy masculine other half. A kiss she has never forgotten… Now a renowned language therapist, Ruby is stunned when her Alex—Crown Prince Alexander of Euronia to the rest of the world!
In Beartooth, Montana, land and family are everything. Years later, Destry is dedicated to her ranch and making plans for the future. Leighton Greer is breaking free of the protective chains surrounding her since she beat cancer four years ago. Always described as the fragile one, she is ready to test her strength and the first step is a whirlwind trip to Ireland and a post-graduation job with her dream orchestra. A better man. And he knows he should want absolutely nothing to do with his crazy old life…or the maddening temptation that is Delia Rogers.
Because Delia? Is nothing but trouble. She moves fast with men and suspects this is why they move on fast. Can you have a second chance at a first love? Despite a daughter he loves dearly and a job he believes in, part of him is stuck in the past. It was quite settled by now. She was born to be a spinster. The gentlemen would have to declare their undying devotion to other ladies. Callie would be too much occupied with developing a delicate constitution and a dependable recipe for tapioca-jelly. If he lets himself get hooked on her again, what will save him this time?
A red-hot holiday Pro football publicist Martha Blue has something to prove. To protect the image of the Las Vegas Slayers—and stay employed—she has to shed her party-girl reputation. So no more mistakes. No further scandals. And absolutely no falling for the one man who can give her everything she wants…and nothing of what she needs. Danger and desire never mixed well for undefeated prizefighter Joaquin Ryder. No wonder she holds a grudge against her hacker ex.
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